HP-S4-HI Tutorial 3: Domestic Conflicts and tensions in the World today - An Insight into Indonesia

Objectives:

  • To discuss causes of domestic tension and conflicts in Indonesia during Suharto's reign
  • To analyse lessons from the rise and fall of Suharto

Prescribed Readings:

  • Rizal Sukma “Ethnic Conflict in Indonesia: causes and the Quest for Solution” in Ethnic Conflicts in SEA edited Kusuma Snitwongse & W. Scotte Thompson ISEAS: Singapore, 2005. pp. 1- 41.

Tasks:

1) Answer these questions briefly in the discussion forum on : Answers to questions on Tutorial 3 : An Insight into Indonesia
1
Why was Indonesia attractive for many Europeans in the 16th century?
2
Which European power colonised Indonesia in the 17th century?
3
What was the dominant religion in Indonesia?
4
About how many islands made up the Indonesia archipelago
5
Who was Sukarno?
6
Who forced Sukarno out of power in 1967?
7
What was Suharto’s administration commonly called?
8
Which two islands did Indonesia under Suharto annex in 1963 and 1975?
9
Which financial crisis hit Suharto’s regime the hardest?
10
Use two adjectives to describe Suharto’s regime.
2) Read lecture notes 3 and prescribed readings.

3) View these video-clips.

a) Indonesians assess Suharto's legacy - 14 Jan 08 (2:33 mins)

President Suharto ruled Indonesia for more than three decades, before mounting opposition forced him to step down. His autocratic style brought economic growth, but against a background of corruption and human rights abuses. Now, following multiple organ failure, doctors have put the 86-year-old's chances of survival at 50 per cent, and told his family to prepare for the worst.
As a result, many Indonesians have begun to reassess his time in power.



b)101 East - A legacy of a dictator - 17 Jan 08 - Part 1 (15:01 mins)

101 East discusses the legacy of Indonesia's former President, Suharto, one of Asia's most controversial and longest-serving leaders.



4) Reflect on the causes of domestic tensions and conflict in Indonesia and Suharto's legacy. Post your comments in the discussion on : Causes of domestic tension and conflicts in Indonesia during Suharto's reign and lessons from Suharto's rise and fall.